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Brown Recluse Spider

Spiders & Scorpions
Brown Recluse Spider

Brown Recluse – Loxosceles reclusa (Gertz & Muliak).  Also know as the “violin spider” this spider causes the most serious bite wound of any of the spiders occurring in the United States.  The bite area will turn into a large open ulcerous wound as the venom causes the tissues to die.  Unfortunately, these bites look a lot like wounds that appear when a break in the skin gets infected with Staphylococcus spp. bacteria causing misdiagnosis of a brown recluse spider bite when it’s not.  The spider has a “violin” marking on the top of the cephalothorax and has very long legs compared to the body with a grayish colored abdomen.